Everything You Need to Know About Knee Injuries

The knee is not only the biggest joint in your body but also the most elaborate. It’s formed by the meeting of the thigh bone, the shinbone and the patella (or knee cap). It also includes articular cartilage, meniscus and ligaments. Collectively, all of these things come together to create the parallelogram joint. 

Due to its biological complexities, the knee is more vulnerable to a number of painful injuries including sprains, dislocations, fractures and ligament tears. Because of its position between the stable hip joint and the fluid foot which is constantly moving as you walk or run, the knee joint is often the cause of pain and discomfort. The good news is that there are ways to look after your knees and avoid (or at least prevent) some of these injuries. Let’s take a look at them.

Knee Injuries 101

Any of the three bones in the knee can be fractured, but the kneecap is the most common one, with a fall or car accident causing the most fractures. If you suffer from osteoporosis, you may fracture the knee just by stepping awkwardly or tripping over.

fitness man holding his leg. bright red and looks painful

Should any of the bones of the knee fall out of alignment, then this is known as a dislocation. It can happen with all three bones, or just one. It will occur regularly if there is some abnormality within the structure of the knee joint itself. If your knee is ‘normal’, then falls, road traffic accidents or sports injuries are often the cause of knee dislocation.

Within the knee, there are a number of ligaments that can be the cause of certain knee injuries. If you play a lot of sports or do so at a high level then these types of injuries will occur more regularly. There are 4 ligaments within the knee;

  1.   Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) which controls the rotation and forward movement of the shin bone.
  2.   Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) which controls the backward movement of the shin bone.
  3.   Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) stabilises the inner knee and
  4.   Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) which stabilises the outer knee.

It might sound like there’s nothing you can do to avoid knee injuries given all the things that can go wrong, but that’s not the case. The best way to avoid any of these injuries is by having the muscles that surround the knee become stronger. Resistance, weight-training exercises or agility training will help to keep your muscles flexible and more robust.

 

Because the knees support almost all of your body weight, maintaining your weight appropriate to your size will decrease the strain on your knee joint and therefore reduce the risk of injury. Also, with many of the injuries you can sustain coming through physical activity, it’s always a good idea to warm up before you do any form of exercise.

 

If you’re wanting to increase your level of physical activity, don’t change the intensity suddenly. This can put an excessive strain on the joints. It’s much better to build up gradually to minimise the risk of a knee injury.

 

If you are suffering from pain in the knee, then get in touch today. Here at TEH Therapy, we can help you with your knee pain! Give us a call on 075919 88110 or pop us an email at info.tehtherapy@gmail.com.

It can be tempting to just suffer through hoping it gets better on its own and it might, but because of its complexities, you may just be creating more problems later on. Look after your knees and they will look after you.